Role statement - Australian Defence Force

As part of the roles and responsibilities directed by the Commonwealth Government, the Department of Defence (and the Australian Defence Force (ADF)) provides Response Options for Domestic Operations under two distinct frameworks. The “Defence Aid to the Civil Community” or DACC framework outlines Defence assistance to state government and non-government entities in a range of scenarios (including Emergency Management of National Disasters and Emergencies); whilst the “Defence Aid to the Civil Authority” or DFACA Framework offers specific law enforcement and Domestic Security Options under separate Commonwealth legislation.   


Critical task alignment / activity source



Victoria’s JOSS team and other Defence units regularly attend EMV training, exercises and briefings throughout the year to ensure ADF awareness and maintain an ability to respond quickly

1.2, 1.6


Response (including Relief)


Defence’s role during a major emergency is to act as a support agency to EMV (and other state agencies as needed) in a broad range of scenarios



During an emergency event or incident involving ADF aircraft or vessels, as detailed in the National Search and Rescue Manual, ADF is the responsible control agency, in conjunction with state Police and the AMSA

3.1, 12.1, 12.3


Defence supports major emergency operations via the request for Commonwealth Assistance from the EMC or the VicPol Commissioner under the EMA guidelines for Commonwealth Assistance, with support usually managed under COMDISPLAN arrangements

1.2, 3.2


The Department of Defence provides the ADF JOSS as the interface between ADF and civil agencies at the state level, and works primarily with EMV and VicPol from the SCC and State Police Operations Centre respectively



The ADF JOSS team is the primary point of contact for advice and facilitation on Defence support to emergency management tasks and should be consulted prior to any request

4.5, 4.6


Defence bases in Victoria, commanded by the Senior ADF Officer for that base, conduct regular community engagement with local services and leaders. The Senior ADF Officer can provide advice at local level, as well as co-ordinate and deliver small-scale, short duration assistance in a local emergency situation (DACC1 Support)

2.1, 2.3, 3.2, 4.5


Defence prepares contingency forces (known as an ADF Emergency Support Force) across all states and territories during High Risk Weather Seasons. Within Victoria, scalable ESFs are prepared within population centres where major Defence bases exist nearby (Melbourne, Albury-Wodonga, Sale and Seymour), to provide a rapid response to any local or state requests for assistance



The ADF supports relevant agencies when a request is made for DACC Non-Emergency Assistance, which is when a threat is not immediate and includes non-emergency assistance to the community or state government entities, including major public events support and advisory support for Law Enforcement activities conducted by state agencies



Through the appropriate request process, Defence has the capacity to support EMV and Emergency Management agencies through the provision of personnel, advice, basing and equipment; specialist expertise, impact assessment, operations support and other capabilities for major emergencies including (but not limited to) bushfire, flood, pandemic and displacement of persons

3.2, 4.5, 4.6, 10.1


The Commonwealth supplies DACC Emergency Assistance to Victoria for response (and early recovery) of major emergencies. This Emergency DACC categorisation is principally based on immediate threat to life, property and the environment; alleviating suffering, and the activation of COMDISPLAN arrangements

3.2, 15.2




For recovery activities, refer directly to the agency for further information.


Assurance and Learning


For assurance and learning activities, refer directly to the agency for further information.