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Overview

Mitigation encompasses activities needed to eliminate or reduce the incidents or severity of emergencies, and the minimisation of their effects. 

The participating agencies for mitigation table (Table 8) lists the 15 emergency risks, identified in the Emergency Risks in Victoria Report, assessed as significant for the State. Under each emergency risk type, relevant mitigation activities are listed along with the agencies that could be involved in any aspect of each activity as a participating agency. 

When viewing the participating agencies for mitigation table, two mitigation sections of the interactive and functional SEMP should also be considered:

  • the Mitigation section under Emergency Management Phases
  • the Mitigation section under Emergency Management Arrangements.

When reviewing Table 8, it should be noted that preparedness and mitigation are closely interrelated as they both seek to reduce the severity of an emergency, and that mitigation activities for emergencies not identified in the Emergency Risks in Victoria report are detailed in the Agency roles and responsibilities alignment to the Victorian Preparedness Framework section.

Table 8: Mitigation activities and agencies for managing Victoria’s significant emergency risks, by emergency

Activities and participating agencies for managing Victoria’s significant emergency risks, by emergency risk.

 

Emergency Risk: Bushfire

Activity Participating agencies

Land use planning

CFA

DELWP

FRV

Municipal councils

Building regulations, standards and codes

FRV

DELWP

Municipal councils

VBA

Landscape fuel management including legislative requirements

CFA

DELWP

DoT

FRV

Municipal councils

PV

Fire ignition controls including total fire ban days, arson programs

CFA

DELWP

FRV

VicPol

Community education, awareness and engagement to prevent and respond to bushfire and bushfire smoke

CFA

DELWP

DH (bushfire smoke)

EPA

FRV

Seasonal arrangements to ensure capability

CFA

DELWP

EMV

FRV

Restricted access to public land

DELWP

PV

 

Emergency Risk: Earthquake

Activity Participating agencies

Building standards/regulations and enforcement (post 1989, 1993, 2007 standards)

Australian Building Code Board

Australian Building and Construction Commission

DELWP

FRV

Housing Industry Association

Municipal councils

VBA

Critical infrastructure (engineering) vulnerability assessments and maintenance regimes (essential services, dams/levees, buildings, roads, bridges, tunnels)

Critical infrastructure owners/operators

DoT

Municipal councils

Public and private infrastructure owners/operators

List of vulnerable (e.g. pre- 1989) buildings in CBD to inform response planning

DELWP

Melbourne City Council

Community engagement, education and awareness

VICSES

 

Emergency Risk: Electricity supply disruption

Activity Participating

Legislative framework, e.g. Electricity Industry Act, Electricity Safety Act, national electricity laws and rules

AEMO

DELWP

ESV

System redundancy (N-1)

Electricity companies

EMV

Urban development and planning

DELWP

Tower barriers, signage and fencing

Electricity companies

Security controls and surveillance

Electricity companies

Public awareness

AEMO

DELWP

Electricity companies

ESV

Maintenance inspections

Electricity companies

ESV

Supervisory control and data acquisition and automated protection scheme

Electricity companies

System modelling

AEMO

Market mechanisms

AEMO

Load management strategies including segmented customers to minimise community impacts

AEMO

DELWP

Electricity companies

Public communication and engagement

AEMO

DELWP

EMV

FRV

Industry forums, including regular emergency exercises

AEMO

DELWP

ESV

Electricity companies

 

 

Emergency Risk: Emergency animal disease

Activity

Participating agencies

Customs and quarantine infrastructure and services

Australian Border Force

International standards and conventions

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)

Australian border controls policy and operations

Australian Border Force

Regulated control of certain risk activities associated with animal feeding

DJPR

Regulated control of farm biosecurity practices

DJPR

Disease surveillance activities - epidemiological information (data and analysis) to meet trading partner needs

DJPR

International surveillance/intelligence

DJPR

Regulated control of native wildlife rehabilitation and licensing

DELWP

Farming industry supply chain best practice and accreditation

DJPR

Victorian Farmers Federation

Specialist training of staff and industry

DJPR

Awareness raising, education, information dissemination

DJPR

 

Emergency Risk: Emergency pest plant

Activity Participating agencies

Preparedness and contingency plans

DJPR 

Surveillance programs

DJPR 

Diagnostic testing

DJPR 

National border control

Australian Border Force

State border control

DJPR

VicPol

Education and stakeholder engagement

DJPR

Conditions on movement (e.g. insecticide requirements for red imported fire ant host materials)

DJPR

Pest and disease alerts

DJPR

Farm biosecurity / awareness

DJPR

Public awareness campaigns

DJPR

Plant health certification and auditing

DJPR

Chemical control

DJPR

 

 

Emergency Risk: Flood

Activity Participating agencies

Legislative policy framework including floodplain management strategy, reform (lessons learnt)

CMAs

DELWP

Melbourne Water

Land use planning (Strategic and statutory) and building regulations

CMAs

DELWP

Municipal councils

Flood mitigation infrastructure e.g. levees, retarding basins

Melbourne Water

Municipal councils

Vegetation/waterway management

CMAs

Melbourne Water

Property modifications

Property owners

Community engagement, education and awareness

Municipal councils

VICSES

Flood emergency planning including readiness

BoM

CMAs

DELWP

EMV

Melbourne Water

Municipal councils

VICSES

Flood data / intelligence and mapping

DELWP

Total Flood Warning System

DELWP

Municipal councils

VICSES

 

 

Emergency Risk: Gas supply disruption

Activity Participating agencies

Legislative and regulatory framework, including Gas Industry Act 2001, Gas Safety Act 1997 and associated Gas Safety Cases, National Gas Law and National Gas Regulations, critical infrastructure resilience requirements under the EM Act 2013

AEMO

DELWP

ESV

Gas companies

Worksafe Victoria

Buried pipelines, signage and fencing

Gas companies

Security controls and surveillance including patrol and inspection

Gas companies

Public awareness

AEMO

DELWP

EMV

ESV

Gas companies

Maintenance inspections

Gas companies

System modelling

AEMO

Gas companies

AEMO maintenance coordination and direction powers, including 24x7 control room and gas duty system

AEMO

Industry forums, including regular emergency exercises

AEMO

DELWP

Gas companies

Annual Victorian Gas Planning Report

AEMO

 

Emergency Risk: Hazardous materials (including industrial waste) incident

Activity Participating agencies

Reduction/substitution of HAZMAT use (including inventory minimisation)

CFA

DH (radioactive materials)

EPA

FRV

Worksafe Victoria
 

Land use planning and regulation, and process facility/residential/commercial development designs

DELWP

FRV

Municipal councils
 

HAZMAT storage design and maintenance (including transport design)

CFA

DH (radioactive materials)

EPA

FRV

National Heavy Vehicle Regulator

Worksafe Victoria
 

HAZMAT transport requirements (e.g. prohibitions, material volume and selection, route and timing selection, transport mode, stakeholder engagement (e.g. Worksafe Victoria, FRV, DoT, transporter, receiver)

CFA

DH (radioactive materials)

DoT

EPA

FRV

Transport companies

Worksafe Victoria
 

Pre-transport consequence modelling and readiness - plume modelling, etc.

CFA

DH (radioactive materials)

DoT (oil spills only)

EPA

FRV
 

Dangerous Goods transporter maintenance, training, licensing, inspection etc. (road/rail/marine, pipeline)

DH (radioactive materials)

EPA (licence for transport of hazardous waste)

FRV

National Heavy Vehicle Regulator

Worksafe Victoria (management of dangerous goods in transport, storage and handling)
 

Legislation/regulation and enforcement (e.g. Major Hazard Facilities, Dangerous Goods Code preventative requirements), supported by audits and inspection

DH (radioactive materials)

EPA

FRV

Worksafe Victoria
 

 

Emergency Risk: Heatwave

Activity Participating agencies

Education and community resilience – Survive the Heat campaign

DH

Weather forecasting

BoM

Planning (state, local and agency preparedness)

DELWP

DH

DoT

EMV

Municipal Emergency Management Planning Committee (local)

Heat Health Alert System to alert subscribers of forecast extreme heat

BoM

DH
 

Urban planning (water fountains, cool places – parks, air-conditioned facilities)

DELWP

Municipal councils
 

Rescheduling public events

Event organisers

Well designed and maintained (resilient) infrastructure.

Infrastructure asset owners

 

Emergency Risk: Liquid fuel disruption

Activity Participating agencies

Legislative and regulatory framework, including Fuel Emergency Act 1977, critical infrastructure resilience requirements under the EM Act 2013

DELWP

Fuel companies
 

Security controls and surveillance including patrol and inspection

Fuel companies

Pipeline operators
 

Public awareness

DELWP

Fuel companies

Pipeline operators
 

Maintenance inspections

Fuel companies

Pipeline operators
 

System modelling

Fuel companies

Industry forums, including regular emergency exercises

DELWP

Fuel companies

Pipeline operators
 

 

Emergency Risk: Maritime emergency (non SAR)

Activity Participating agencies

Condition surveys for vessel class, commercial charter, and insurance requirements

AMSA

International Maritime Organisation licensing requirements and audits for vessel crews

AMSA

Implementation of International Safety Management code requirements (e.g. safety management system)

AMSA

Legislation and enforcement (e.g. compulsory marine pilotage/exempt masters, Harbour master directions, safety duty (So Far As Is Reasonably Practicable) obligations of port manager, port operator, vessel operators, offshore facility operators etc.)

DoT

Port owners / operators

TSV

VRCA

Worksafe Victoria

State and national audits and inspection of commercial vessels, port infrastructure, offshore facilities (note vessel condition monitoring done by Commonwealth)

AMSA

DoT
 

Licensed, current and competent pilots

Pilotage service providers

TSV

Navigational systems including charts, Vessel Tracking Service, Dynamic Under Keel Clearance system, marks, aids to navigation (wave, wind, tide, swell etc.), personal pilotage units etc.

AMSA

Pilotage service providers

Port owners/operators

Melbourne and Geelong harbour tug fleet capacity and redundancy for normal operations (limited capacity for coastal operations)

Port owners/operators

 

Emergency Risk: Mine emergency

Activity Participating agencies

Legislation/regulation and enforcement of Mineral Resources Sustainable Development Act 1990 and regulations (licensing and approvals process for operators of declared mines), Occupational Health & Safety Act 2004, EM Act 2013, EM (Critical Infrastructure Resilience) Regulations 2015, Country Fire Authority Act 1958 and Regulations 2014, Energy Safe Victoria Act 2005

CFA

DJPR

EMV

ESV

FRV

Worksafe Victoria

Operator implementation of Triggered Action Response Plan (including consultation with government agencies) and monitoring/maintenance

Mine owners/operators

Implementation of risk-based mine work plans and Risk Management Plans (formerly Risk Assessment and Management Plans), addressing specific mine stability, fire, explosion, flooding etc. controls

DJPR

Mine owners/operators

Audits and inspection

DJPR

Planning consent and work plan approvals (initial and on-going)

DJPR

Implementing licensee and work plan conditions for mine operators to manage identified risks

DJPR

Technical review board (provides independent advice to DJPR and the Minister on mine stability).

DJPR

Relevant Minister 

 

Emergency Risk: Viral pandemic

Activity Participating agencies

Vaccination

DH

Health services

Health guidelines and relevant standards and codes

DH

Community education

DH

Health sector pandemic planning, surge capacity planning and exercises

DH

Health services

Surveillance and modelling data from outbreaks, research of historic events

DH

 

Emergency Risk: Storm

Activity Participating agencies

Drainage systems (drainage standards and strategy)

Melbourne Water

Municipal councils

Buildings compliant to engineering standards (building standards/regulations)

Australian Building Code Board

Australian Building and Construction Commission

DELWP

Housing Industry Association

Municipal councils

VBA

BoM weather and warning network and systems

BoM

Equipped, trained and prepared essential services including power, water, gas and transport

DoT

Electricity companies

Gas companies

Water Corporations

Community engagement, education and awareness

VICSES

 

Emergency Risk: Water supply disruption

Activity Participating agencies

System resilience e.g. desal plant and grid connectivity

DELWP

Water Corporations

Critical infrastructure resilience

Critical infrastructure operators

DELWP

EMV

Legislative framework and regulations including Water Act 1989, Water Industry Act 1994 and Safe Drinking Water Act 2003 (risk management plans and audits)

DELWP (Water Act 1989)

DH (Safe Drinking Water Act 2003)