There are 5 core capability elements that are required to deliver each of the 21 core capabilities and their critical tasks. These capability elements are the lens through which each critical task can be examined.

5 core capability elements

Core capability element


Application and examples


All personnel involved in undertaking emergency management activities from all parts of the community, government, agencies and businesses.

Includes people with appropriate knowledge and skills with a focus on leadership skills, technical skills and a culture of working as one.


The physical equipment and assets needed to undertake emergency management activities.

For example, infrastructure, fleet, IT equipment, radios, communications equipment, consumables and personal protective clothing and equipment.


The enabling factors that emergency management operates within.

Including legislation, funding, authorising environment, emergency management arrangements, doctrine and policy.


The systems, including data, that are used to deliver emergency management outcomes.

For example, learning and development, information technology, financial, infrastructure and assets management, workforce management, workplace health and safety, quality control and the Australasian Inter-service Incident Management System (AIIMS).


Documented or undocumented ways of delivering emergency management.

For example, capacity planning, risk management, continuous improvement, information flow and planning.